Indian general election, 1957
The Indian general election of 1957 elected the 2nd Lok Sabha of India. The election was held from 24 February to 14 March, just over five years after the previous general election. There were 494 seats elected using first past the post voting system. Out of the 403 constituencies, 91 elected two members, while the remaining 312 elected a single member. The multi-seat constituencies were abolished before the next election.
Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian National Congress easily won a second term in power, taking 371 of the 494 seats. They gained an extra seven seats (the size of the Lok Sabha had been increased by five) and their vote share increased from 45.0% to 47.8%. The INC won nearly five times more votes than the Communist Party, the second largest party. In addition, 19.3% of the vote and 42 seats went to independent candidates, the highest of any Indian general election.
|Lok Sabha elections 1957
Electoral participation: 55.42%
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||BJS||5.97||4|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||8.92||27|
|Indian National Congress||INC||47.78||371|
|Praja Socialist Party||PSP||10.41||19|
|Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha||ABHM||0.86||1|
|Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad||RRP||0.38||0|
|Chota Nagpur Santhal Parganas Janata Party||CNSPJP||0.42||3|
|Forward Bloc (Marxist)||AIFB||0.55||2|
|Peasants and Workers Party of India||PWPI||0.77||4|
|Indian Union Muslim League||IUML||0.18||1|
|People’s Democratic Front||0.87||2|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||RSP||0.26||0|
|Scheduled Castes Federation||SCF||1.69||6|
The first instance of booth capturing in India was recorded in 1957 in the General Elections of that year in Rachiyahi, in Begusarai’s Matihani assembly seat.